Supreme Court ruling on Trump’s Presidential immunity: a detailed breakdown

Soon after the Supreme Court decided on his claim of presidential exemption, Donald Trump took to social media to celebrate.
Soon after the Supreme Court decided on his claim of presidential exemption, Donald Trump took to social media to celebrate.

Soon after the Supreme Court decided on his claim of presidential exemption, Donald Trump took to social media to celebrate.

Trump Celebrates Court Decision

Shortly after the Supreme Court issued its decision on his claim of presidential immunity, Donald Trump took to social media to celebrate. “Big win for our constitution and democracy,” he posted on Truth Social. “Proud to be an American!”

While Trump did not get the sweeping protections that he and his lawyers had sought, he got more than enough to achieve his immediate objective of delaying another trial until after November’s election.

Impact on Federal Criminal Case

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The ruling from the six conservative justices dealt a serious blow to the federal criminal case against him on charges of attempting to overturn the results of the 2020 election.

Special Prosecutor Jack Smith and his team will have to significantly restructure their case against the former president, and the evidence they can rely upon to support it, if they want to continue. The trial was put on pause pending this decision.

Delayed Prosecution

Monday’s 6-3 ruling guarantees any prosecution that emerges from this decision will be delayed well past November’s presidential election, as the trial court sorts through the Supreme Court’s guidance.

In effect, the six conservative justices have set an extremely high bar for Mr. Smith and his team to meet.

Total Immunity for Official Acts

Trump, the court held, has total immunity for official acts as president related to his core constitutional duties.

That includes the communications he had with Department of Justice officials about allegations of election fraud. And so, that portion of the indictment against Trump is effectively dead.

Beyond that, the six justices said there is a presumption of immunity for any other official acts. In practical terms, that means prosecutors will have to work much harder to bring a case against Trump.

Limited Scope of Immunity

The court added, however, that presidents do not have immunity for non-official actions.

Chief Justice John Roberts, in his opinion, went on to apply this standard specifically to the former president – guidance that could be particularly damaging to the prosecution in the election interference case.

Specific Applications of the Ruling

Trump’s attempts to pressure Vice President Mike Pence not to certify Joe Biden’s election victory – a key part of Jack Smith’s case – is the kind of official action subject to that higher standard of legal review.

The former president’s comments on January 6, 2021, which are alleged to have incited the Capitol attack, are also likely to be deemed official actions. The chief justice also said “testimony or private records of the president or his advisers” are not admissible in court.

This greatly limits the kinds of evidence prosecutors can introduce to support their case, even in instances involving non-official actions. Meanwhile, Trump’s contacts with private citizens will have to be considered by the trial court as to whether they are unofficial actions.

Rationale for Broad Immunity

Justice Roberts explained that presidents need such broad immunity for official actions because the threat of criminal prosecution – and the “peculiar public opprobrium that attaches to criminal proceedings” – might “distort” presidential decision-making.

“The president is not above the law,” he wrote. “But Congress may not criminalise the president’s conduct in carrying out the responsibilities of the executive branch under the Constitution.”

In summary, while the Supreme Court’s decision grants Donald Trump significant protections, it also delineates the boundaries of presidential immunity, setting the stage for future legal battles.

Gary Monroe

Gary Monroe is a seasoned contributor to the Los Angeles Business Magazine, where he offers insightful analysis on local business trends and economic developments. With a focus on Los Angeles' dynamic commercial landscape, Gary's articles provide valuable perspectives for entrepreneurs and business professionals in the city.

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